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Totally Nonnegative Matrices and Stable Polynomials

Speaker

Mohammad Adm, University of Konstanz, Germany and University of Regina, Canada

Time

2017.09.14 14:00-15:00

Venue

Middle Lecture Room, Math Building

Abstract

A real matrix is called totally nonnegative and totally positive if all of its minors are nonnegative and positive, respectively. Such matrices arise in a remarkable variety of ways in mathematics and many areas of its applications. It has a long time been conjectured by Juergen Garloff,that each matrix in a matrix interval with respect to the checkerboard partial order is nonsingular totally nonnegative if the two corner matrices are so. The Garloff’s Conjecture was affirmatively answered for the totally positive matrices and some subclasses of the totally nonnegative matrices.

In this talk, we present a condensed form of the Cauchon Algorithm which provides an efficient criterion for total nonnegativity of a given matrix and gives an optimal determinantal test for total nonnegativity. We briefly report on the way in which Garloff’s Conjecture was settled. These and related results evoke the (open) question whether the interval property holds for general nonsingular sign regular matrices. I will conclude my talk by reporting on the usefulness of such matrices in studying real stable polynomials, i.e., polynomials having their zeros in the open left half of the complex plane, and presenting a sufficient condition for an interval family of polynomials to be stable by using intervals of totally nonnagtive matrices.