Masaki Sano(佐野雅己)

Masaki Sano

Chair Professor

(86-21) 54740485

Brief Introduction

Masaki Sano received his B.A, M.A., and PhD degree in engineering from Tohoku University in Japan. He was appointed as an assistant professor and an associate professor in 1981 and1990, respectively in Tohoku University. From 1987 to 1989, he visited James Franck and Enrico Fermi Institute at University of Chicago as a visiting scientist. From 2000 to 2019 March, he has been a professor at the Department of Physics of the University of Tokyo. He joined the faculty of Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2019 May.

Research Interests

Nonlinear Dynamics, Statistical Physics of Non-equilibrium Systems, Turbulence, Biological Physics, Physics of Active Matter, Physics of Living Matter

Research Highlights

The second law of thermodynamics dictates that the entropy of an isolated system cannot decrease. Contrary to this principle, we observe a vast variety of self-organized structures ranging from the cosmic scale of the universe to the micro scale of living cells. In many cases, those systems are not isolated but exposed to endless flows of energy and masses which define non-equilibrium states. In non-equilibrium states, many new states emerge such as self-organizing patterns, limit cycle oscillation, chaos, and turbulence. How the ordered states and the disordered states arise out of fluctuations in non-equilibrium systems? What is the law governing such states and transitions among them? How just a collection of mere matter can exert basic functions of life? We study non-equilibrium dynamics of soft matter (liquid crystals, colloids, fluids, collection of biological cells), and roles of information flow in these systems by both experimental and theoretical approaches to search for general laws governing non-equilibrium systems. This approach will bring us to physical understanding of biological phenomena.

Selected Publications