How Did Science Come into Being?


Guan Zeng-jian, Liberal Arts and General Education Committee of Shanghai Jiao Tong University


2018.10.10 16:00-17:30


601, Pao Yue-Kong Library


This lecture mainly discusses the process how science developed from nonexistence to existence. By analysing the essential motives for the development of human society, it discusses how science took root from the jungle of ignorance and superstition. By analysing the magic, mythology, and primitive religion, it explains the internal cause why those phenomena come into being in human society. By analysing the Greek rationalism, it proved why science begin in ancient Greek. By analysing the work of Galileo Galilei, it showed how experimental science come into the world in the seventeenth Century. The central idea of the report is that the formation and the development of science depends on the two key factors of ration and experiment, which may be helpful for the listeners to understand the core of scientific thought.


Guan Zeng-jian, Ph.D. in history of science, is now the Distinguished Professor and the director of Liberal Arts and General Education Committee of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. His research fields concentrate on the history of metrology, history of physics, history of scientific thought and general education. He is now the vice president of Chinese Society for the History of Science and Technology, a member of the Standing Council of Chinese Society for Measurement, president of Shanghai Society for the History of Science and Technology. In the field of the study of history of metrology, his work played an important role in reconstructing the discipline. The former president of Japan Society of Historical Metrology Shigeo Iwata considered him as “one of the two most outstanding scholars in the field of the history of metrology in China”.